Journal of HIV & Retro Virus

About Journal of HIV & Retro Virus

HIV is a virus that belongs to Retroviridae family, which is considered as a highly evolved, which can replicate in host cells by Reverse Transcription process. Virus enters the body, damages the immune system and causes various diseases in humans and animals. HIV is human immunodeficiency virus is one such retrovirus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Journal of HIV & Retro virus is open access peer reviewed journal that covers the prevention and treatment techniques of HIV. Mainly focusing on testing, infection, diagnosis, transmission, replication, vaccine research, risk analysis, Case studies of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, HIV therapies.

The HIV & retro virus Journal provides the broadest coverage from biological science to clinical studies and outcomes analysis,specializing in developments of novel medicine and immune-restorative approaches. Newest papers on the newest progress and analysis advances through clinical trials and examination of targeted antiretroviral agents result in enhancements in translational drugs for optimum treatment outcomes.

For any queries contact at hivretrovirus@infectiousdiseasesjournals.com 

HIV

The full form of HIV is human immunodeficiency virus, which causes HIV infection and AIDS. The full form of AIDS is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is life threatening disease which causes through failure of Immune System. It takes long time weakens our immune system. AIDS will occur by breast milk, blood, semen, vaginal fluid. In initial stages of HIV the symptoms are none. There’s no cure for HIV/AIDS, there are some therapies which helps to slow disease development.

Related Journals of HIV

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Archives of Surgical Oncology, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Tropical Medicine & Surgery Current HIV/AIDS Reports, HIV Clinical Trials, Current HIV Research,HIV Medicine, AIDS Care.

Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

It combines three or more different drugs such as two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a protease inhibitor (PI), two NRTIs and a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI).this therapy reduce the amount of active virus and the number of active virus until it is undetectable by current blood testing techniques .some medicines are available for HIV it gives boost to immune system.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, AIDS Research and Therapy, AIDS Research and Treatment, HIV Therapy, Future HIV Therapy.

HIV Retrovirus

Retrovirus belongs to Retroviridae family, Retro virus contains two copies of RNA genome, Retrovirus integrated there into own genome into the germ line. it transmitted through cell to cell or fluids. it integrates the genetic material with the hosts, the virus becomes the part of the hosts genome for life. Retrovirus causes variety diseases in humans and animals, Such as tumours. Antiretroviral drugs are used for the treatment of retrovirus it’s also called as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Archives of Virology, HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care, AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, Retrovirilogy.

HIV Replication

Replication is the process to make new copies. The HIV virus only replicate in human cells. The HIV replication process carrying seven steps, the steps are entry, reverse transcription, integration, transcription, translation, assembly, release and maturation. This replication process starts with enter into a cell, it carry’s special protein called CD4.after entering of the cell reverse transcriptase enzyme converts viral RNA to DNA. It is transferred through the nucleus then; it is inserted in to human DNA by HIV integrase enzyme. After insertion this DNA called as provirus. The pro virus enter into cell, the cell was activated it converts into messenger RNA by using human enzymes. After that the mRNA transfers to outside the nucleus the enzyme protease mature new virus particles.

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Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal ofVaccines & Vaccination , Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Retrovirology, AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, Current HIV Research, Archives of AIDS Research, Current HIV Research.

HIV Screening

HIV can be identified by the test of antibody screening system (immune assay).the following tests are also include for HIV people such as complete blood count, Blood chemistry tests, urine tests. Immune assay test give the accurate result. This test contains the detection of antigens and antibodies. Depends up on the test can be classified as HIV -1 & HIV -2.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, AIDS, AIDS Care, AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, Problemy HIV i AIDS.

HIV Diagnosis

HIV is utmost diagnosed disease in the world. This Diagnosis is done by testing blood or saliva for detecting the virus that causes HV. Unfortunately, it takes time for your body to develop these antibodies usually up to 12 weeks. In rare cases, it can take up to six months for an HIV antibody test to become positive. CD 4 count, viral load, drug resistance these tests for know the stage of disease. The following tests to check for additional infections or complications, the tests are Liver and kidney damage, hepatitis.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular ImmunologyAIDS, Current HIV Research, HIV Clinical Trials, Current HIV/AIDS Reports, HIV Medicine.

HIV Infection

Full form of HIV is human immunodeficiency virus. HIV infection tainted through the blood, semen, vaginal liquid. Introductory phases of HIV indications are none. The phases of HIV infections are primary infection, clinically asymptomatic stage, and symptomatic contamination, movement from HIV to AIDS.in essential contamination the HIV infection creating the antibodies and cytotoxic lymphocytes this procedure called as seroconversion. In clinically asymptomatic stage HIV antibodies are perceptible in blood. In symptomatic contamination immune system damaged by HIV. In movement of HIV to AIDS the immune system more damaged by HIV.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection, Archives of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Problemy HIV i AIDS, AIDS Care, HIV Research.

HIV Transmission

The HIV transfer from one person to another person called HIV transmission. HIV mainly transmits through blood, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, semen. HIV is transfer mainly by having sex or distribution injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV. Some people were infected with HIV after receiving a blood transfusion or organ transplant from an HIV-infected donor. HIV also transfer from HIV infected mother to child it is called as mother to child transmission.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, Nutrition and Metabolic Disorders in HIV Infection, Problemy HIV i AIDS, Archives of STD/hiv Research, Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection, Current HIV Research.

HIV Testing

The most common test is used for HIV is antibody screening test. HIV test is mandatory for us to protect our health .The test use for identification of HIV antibodies in blood, urine, or fluids from the mouth. HIV anti bodies are disease fighting –proteins the body produces response to HIV disease. Once a person is attacked with HIV, it normally takes about 3 months for the body to produce enough antibodies to be detected by an HIV antibody test. (For some people, it can take up to 6 months.) Some testes easily detect the HIV antibodies. Western blot test also used for the identification of HIV.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, Current HIV Research, Current HIV/AIDS Reports, HIV Medicine, AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, HIV Clinical Trials.

HIV Prevention

Full form of HIV is human immunodeficiency virus. HIV mainly transfers through blood, rectal fluids, semen, vaginal fluids .this disease has no medicines only follow prevention methods. The following methods are used for HIV prevention. they are HIV awareness education, HIV testing and counselling, Using condoms, Safer sex education, Reducing needle sharing, Screening blood products, Post-exposure prophylaxis, Pre-exposure prophylaxis, Male circumcision, Treating sexually transmitted infections, HIV medications.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, HIV Medicine, Current HIV Research, Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children, Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine.

Anti-Retroviral Therapy

This therapy contains three or more retroviral drugs to stop the progression of HIV disease. These drugs are separated into different classes. The classes are nucleoside /nucleotide reverse transcript inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcript inhibitors, protease inhibitors, fusion inhibitors, integrase inhibitors, fixed dose combinations. These drugs prevent the growth of virus. This therapy very useful in HIV starting stages. This therapy is mainly for prevention of HIV in pregnant women and young children’s.

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HIV Therapy

Full form of HIV is human immunodeficiency virus. There are two therapy’s developed for HIV they are1. Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) this therapy consists of three antiretroviral drugs.it stops the progression of HIV disease. Antiretroviral are separated into different classes. The classes are nucleoside /nucleotide reverse transcript inhibitors, on nucleoside reverse transcript inhibitors, protease inhibitors, fusion inhibitors, integrase inhibitors, fixed dose combination. 2. Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HARRT): It combines three or more different drugs such as two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a protease inhibitor (PI), two NRTIs and a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI).this therapy reduce the amount of active virus and the number of active virus until it is undetectable by current blood testing techniques .some medicines are available for HIV it gives boost to immune system.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, Journal of HIV Therapy, HIV Therapy, Journal of Therapy and Management in HIV Infection, AIDS Research and Treatmet.

Anti-Retroviral Drugs

The antiretroviral drugs are used for the treatment of HIV. These drugs prevent the damage of HIV These drugs are classified into different classes such as Nucleoside /nucleotide reverse transcript inhibitors: it is also called as nukes.it stops the HIV reproduction process. Example (Zidovudine, Didanosine). Non-nucleoside reverse transcript inhibitors: it is also called as non-nukes.it is also works in the same way to nukes.it stops the HIV copies of DNA. Example (Nevirapine, Delavirdin).Protease inhibitors: these inhibitors are block the enzyme to stop the HIV replication process. Example (Saquinavir,indianavir). Fusion inhibitors: Prevent the HIV from binding to human cells. Example (Enfuvirtide , Maraviroc). integrase inhibitors: These interfere the integraseenzyme, preventing the process from virus replication. Example (Raltegravir,Elvitegravir,Dolutegravir).

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Case Studies of AIDS

The case studies of AIDS are mother to child transmission, emergencies and disasters, migrants and mobile workers, youth, HIV discrimination project in Cambodia and Mongolia, Uniformed services, Psychological support, Catchy condoms in Norway, Volunteer contributions.in mother to child transmission the French Red Cross is helping to avoid mother to unborn child transmissions.in emergencies case studies United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) work to protect reproductive health in complex emergencies.in migrants and mobile workers studies it works on diverse health projects eastern shah state. Youth case studies focus on prevention through peer education. In HIV discrimination project in Cambodia and Mongolia case study deals with it supports with people affected by HIV.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology, Epidemiology: Open Access, HIV and AIDS Review, HIV clinician / Delta Region AIDS Education & Training Center, Hopkins HIV report : a bimonthly newsletter for healthcare providers / Johns Hopkins University AIDS Service, Canadian HIV/AIDS policy & law review / Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services.

Risk Analysis HIV

It is process of gathering all relevant data about the organisation and its staff members.it is mainly focusing on identifying characteristics of HIV and AIDS.by doing risk analysis identify their risk towards HIV/AIDS. The risk analysis could be conducted at organization level by assigning three variables such as hazard, vulnerability, and capacity. The risk analysis can be calculated by multiplying of the hazard and vulnerability divided by capacity. An organization can reduce its risk by reducing its vulnerability and increasing its capacity.

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Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination, Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals, Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology, Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research, Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology ,Epidemiology: Open Access, Problemy HIV i AIDS, Canadian HIV-AIDS policy & law newsletter / Canadian HIV-AIDS Legal Network = Reseau juridique canadien VIH-SIDA, Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine, Canadian HIV/AIDS policy & law review / Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.

Vaccine Research on HIV/AIDS

Vaccine is also called an immunization. It gives boost to immune system and fight against harmful viruses/bacteria. Vaccine research is a long process. There is no vaccine for HIV. Scientists are working on HIV vaccines in labs and animals it helpful for researchers learn to how will vaccine works. After completion of laboratory work, conducting clinical trials in human health volunteers by sequential phases. Such as phase-I and phase-II provides data how it works against HIV virus to protect Immune system, depends up on this results vaccines are processed in large scale as phase-III trails. This phase-III trails are done in incidence of HIV infection due to scientific reasons.

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HIV Super Infection

It is likewise named as HIV reinfection.it is a condition individual having HIV and contamination procures second strain of infection, it cause more harm to invulnerable framework and impervious to HIV infection. HIV super disease was chiefly seen in high hazard populations.it is identified with the constant viral diseases, for example, cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr infection. This contamination was more unsafe and shows impact on our health.it have more popular burdens and more CD4 counts, it cause more illness movement.

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