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Abstract

Disclosure and Quality of Life of People Living with the HIV/AIDS under HAART in Kinshasa,DR Congo

Background: The disclosure of the serological statute is not very current in the handling of People Living with the HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Kinshasa, in Democratic Republic of Congo whereas this practice influences on the Quality of Life (QoL).

Objective: To value the quality of life of the PLWHA under HAART having revealed or no their serological statute in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Methods: The scale of the life quality, MOS SF-36, has been used in a survey transverse, descriptive and analytic track of the 8 December 2014 at 6 March 2015 by 677 patients followed to AMO-Congo, PODI Est and Center. The variables of interest were the data sociodemographic and the disclosure of the serological statute. These data were analyzed by SPSS 21. The Chi-squared test permitted to value the associations in the doorstep of statistical significance of p ≤ 0.05.

Results: The middle age of topics was of 47.46 years ± 10.21. The feminine sex predominated with 76%, either a sex ratio of 3F/1M. 75% of the PLWHA had a bad QDV. 64% had not revealed their serological statute. 71% of the PLWHA were lone, 97% were instructed and 60% frequented the independent churches.

There was a meaningful association between the quality of life on the one hand and on the other hand, age (p=0.018), the sex (p<0.001), the matrimonial statute (p<0.001) and the disclosure of the serological statute (p=0.006).

Conclusion: The PLWHA under HAART in Kinshasa have a bad quality of life. This one is bound to the non-disclosure of the serological statute, to the advanced age, to the feminine sex and to the solitude.


Author(s):

Justin Muilu Pila, Thierry Matonda Ma Nzuzi, Henri Mukumbi Masangu, Adelin N’Situ Mankubu, Abraham Mifundu Bilongo, Magloire Mpembi Nkosi, Valentin Ngoma Malanda, Gilbert Mananga Lelo, Liévin Kapend A Kalala, and Samuel Mampunza Ma Miezi



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