It is widely accepted that nutritional health is essential for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHIV/AIDS) to maximize the period of asymptomatic infection, and improve adherence. HIV infection affects nutritional health in three ways: Reduced food intake, alters metabolic process and impaired nutrient absorption. Unfortunately, when these occur, at the same time, they can rapidly accelerate weight loss and cause malnutrition simultaneously. This therefore contributes to the progress of the burden of the disease (HIV/AIDS). The World Health Organization (WHO) noted with a lot of concern that to fight the scourge well, there must be a program dubbed as Foods by Prescription (FBP) which will assist those who are HIV positive and they are malnourished. It is noted that those who have the virus and they are in asymptomatic stage, their energy requirements go up by 10% for the adults and children who have the virus, theirs is 20-30%. For the symptomatic cases, for the adults, their energy requirements goes up by 20-30% and children, their energy requirements goes up to 50-100% when compared to normal people who do not have a disease. There is increasing evidence that malnutrition coupled with HIV/AIDS directly influences survival; significant weight loss in HIV, increased risk of opportunistic infections (OIS), complication.
Evans Nyanchoka Ongondi, George Ayodo and Samson Adoka